This district covers an area of 2426 sq. Km. In the east, west, south and north part of the district, there are Bagmati River, Lother River, Churiya range and Chandragiri hill respectively. This district ranges from 166m to 2584 m from the sea level.
The highest part of the district is Simbhanjyang (2584m) whereas the lowest part is Hattidhunga of Rai Gaun. The district is almost triangle shaped, Three types of climate conditions namely sub tropical, tropical and temperate can be found here. Three fourth part of the district is covered with hills where as rest consists of Terai plains.
In comparison to other parts of the district, Hetauda is highly developed with the restoration of democracy though the development work has been carried out rapidly, most village of the district have not got their fair share yet. The main problem is health facilities. Although there are many health center and health posts in the villages, people do not get adequate health services due to the absence of health workers. Even people of Hetauda do not receive proper health facilities although the regional hospital is the VDCs are linked with motor road. There is a district post office at Hetauda, which has expanded its services all over the district. Tele-communication service is also satisfactory. Although these have not reached all points of district, the Tele-communication office has provided the service to those area where is possible. It is also studying the possibilities of expanding its service. In addition to those, other facilities such as transport, education, water supply etc. are satisfactory.
People are engaged in different occupation to earn their livelihood. Most people are engaged in agriculture. They depend on other areas too. But due to problem of higher education, most of the youth are compelled to be remained unemployed.
Casts and religion
We can find a combination of different castes and religion in this district. Most of the people of the district are Hindus though; there are Muslims, Christians and Buddhists as well. The major caste of the district is "Tamang" about 45.9% of total population. In addition to this, other castes are Brahman, Chhretti, Newar, Gurung, Tharu, Muslim, Magar. Chepang and Rai. Chepang is a rare caste, found only in this district. So, the district development committee Makwanpur has played vital role for their development and stability. Moreover, the district development committee has organized a program of free education system for them because educated Chepang can be counted in hand. Besides this, the government and NGOs have organized some professional programs in their village.
Of the total land, 67.3% is covered with natural forest. Sal, Saj, Asna, Jamuna, Salla, spices, Katus and Utis are the main vegetation, found in the district. The southern part of the district is covered with sub tropical and tropical forest whereas the northern part is covered with temperate forest. Different herbal plants are also found here such as Rajbriksha, Chirais, Sugadhwal, Tejpat and Timur. One herbal farm is also operated at Hetauda under the authority of government. A British company has started studied about the possibility of petroleum products in this district. It has found some possible places but it has no prepared its final research report yet. The next natural resource of this district is water resource. Using the water of Indra Sarobar Lake, the government has produced electricity and the whole country is dependent on it.